Difference between revisions of "Iecompdup"

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<code>iecompdup</code> is the third command in the Stata package created by [https://www.worldbank.org/en/research/dime/data-and-analytics DIME Analytics], <code>[[iefieldkit]]</code>. The <code>iecompdup</code> command helps the [[Impact Evaluation Team|research team]] identify the reason for why [[Duplicates and Survey Logs|duplicate values]] for [[ID Variable Properties | ID variables]] exist, so they can be resolved. '''ID variables''' are variables that uniquely identify every [[Unit of Observation|observation]] in a dataset, for example, '''household_id'''.
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<code>iecompdup</code> is a command in the Stata package <code>[[iefieldkit]]</code> created by [https://www.worldbank.org/en/research/dime/data-and-analytics DIME Analytics]. The <code>iecompdup</code> command helps the [[Impact Evaluation Team|research team]] identify the reason for why [[Duplicates and Survey Logs|duplicated values]] in [[ID Variable Properties | ID variables]] exist, so they can be resolved. '''ID variables''' are variables that uniquely identify every [[Unit of Observation|observation]] in a dataset, for example, '''household_id'''.
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== Read First ==
 
== Read First ==
 
* [[Stata Coding Practices|Stata coding practices]].
 
* [[Stata Coding Practices|Stata coding practices]].

Revision as of 17:18, 19 May 2020

iecompdup is a command in the Stata package iefieldkit created by DIME Analytics. The iecompdup command helps the research team identify the reason for why duplicated values in ID variables exist, so they can be resolved. ID variables are variables that uniquely identify every observation in a dataset, for example, household_id.

Read First

  • Stata coding practices.
  • iefieldkit.
  • While ieduplicates identifies duplicates in ID variables, iecompdup provides more information to resolve these issues.
  • To install iecompdup, type ssc install iecompdup in Stata.
  • To install all the commands in the iefieldkit package, type ssc install iefieldkit in Stata.
  • For instructions and available options, type help iecompdup.

Overview

Once ieduplicates creates the duplicate correction template, iecompdup compares the duplicate entries variable-by-variable to understand why the duplicates exist. While the decision of how to correct a duplicate is always a qualitative decision, iecompdup provides the information necessary to make that decision, and ensure high quality data before cleaning and data analysis. It allows the research team to also select the output format based on their decision process.

Follow these steps when using the ieduplicates and iecompdup commands on incoming primary data:

  1. Run ieduplicates on the raw data. If there are no duplicates, you are done. If there are duplicates, the command will output an Excel file containing a duplicates correction template, and a link to this file. It will also stop the code from moving forward, and show a message listing the duplicate values in the ID variables. You can prevent the command from stopping your code by using the force option. This will remove all observations with duplicate ID values and allow the code to continue.
  2. Open the duplicates correction template. This template will list each duplicate entry of the ID variable, and information about each observation. It also contains 5 blank columns - correct, drop, newid, initials, and notes. Use these columns to make corrections, and include comments to document the corrections.
  3. Use iecompdup for more information. Sometimes the template is not enough to solve a particular issue. In such cases, run the iecompdup command on the same dataset.
  4. Overwrite the previous file. After entering all the corrections to the template, save the Excel file in the same location with the same name.
  5. Run ieduplicates again. This will apply the corrections you made in the previous steps. Now if you use the force option, it will only remove those duplicates that you did not resolve.
  6. Do not overwrite the original raw data. Save the resulting dataset under a different name.
  7. Repeat these steps with each new round of data.

Syntax

Sometimes when there are a lot of variables that are different for observations with duplicate IDs, ieduplicates cannot store all the information. In such cases, or when there are more than two duplicates, you can use iecompdup to explore the differences.

iecompdup id_varname [if], id(id_value)
   [more2ok didifference keepdifference keepother(varlist)]

The following points provide a detailed explanation of the syntax and usage of iecompdup.

  • Basic inputs: iecompdup uses id_varname and id_value as its basic inputs:
    • id_varname: The name of the unique ID variable, which is also used with ieduplicates.
    • id_value: This is the value that the ID variable takes in the duplicate observations you want to compare. For example, if the household with the ID value A1234 appears twice, then id_varname is household_id, and id_value is A1234.
  • More than one pair of duplicates: If you have more than one pair of duplicates in your dataset, you will need to run this command multiple times for each such pair to compare the differences.
  • More than two observations with same id_value: If there are more than two observations with a particular ID value, the command will return an error. This is because iecompdup can only be compare two duplicates at a time. In this case, use on of the following options:
    • if: Using if allows you to select the pair of observations you want to compare.
    • more2ok: Using more2ok allows iecompdup to pick the first two observations by default, as per the sort order. It will then display a warning message so that the user is aware that the sorting order of observations will affect the result.
  • Default output: By default, iecompdup displays two lists of variables in the form of macros - one, variables for which the duplicate pair has identical values, and two, variables for which the duplicate pair has different values. iecompdup also provides the following options with respect to these lists:
    • didifference: This option will also make the command print the list of variables with different values.
    • keepdifference: This option will only keep the variables which have different values across the duplicate pair. This option effectively drops variables which are not of interest.
    • keepother: This option can be used if you want to retain additional variables that you think are useful for analyzing the duplicate pair.

Output

The output from iecompdup allows you to explore the differences between observations to determine the best way to correct the duplicate values. Broadly, there are three cases that can explain why duplicate values in ID Variables can arise when working with SurveyCTO. Given below are the cases, and information on how iecompdup can help you identify which of these applies to a particular pair of duplicates. Some details can change if you use a different software, but the general idea should remain the same. And while iecompdup can not guarantee any of the cases below, the output will allow you to identify one of these cases as the source of the problem.

Case 1: Same observation, same data values

Case 1 errors can occur when the same observation is submitted twice, with the same data values. This often happens during CAPI or CAFE surveys because of poor internet connection. If submission of data to the server is interrupted before you can finish completing all fields, the incomplete data may still be saved. This is because SurveyCTO servers never delete any data. When you re-submit the data the second time, the server saves that too. However, it cannot identify which submission was intentional, and which one was accidental.

For a Case 1 error, the output of iecompdup will display two observations with very few differences. These differences will mostly be in the form of submission time or submission ID (which SurveyCTO lists as the "KEY" variable). Information of this form is called metadata. Sometimes the only difference between the two observations is in terms of the metadata, and the data does not include any media files (audio, images, monitoring). In such cases it does not matter which observation you keep. However, it is a good practice to keep the most recent submission.

In most cases, however, submission gets interrupted because the data contained media files which did not upload correctly. Those files do not always appear as variables when the dateset is imported in Stata, depending on the data collection software. Even in such cases, only the metadata variables will appear to be different, so you must carefully check the media files which lie outside the imported dataset for duplicate observations.

Case 2: Same observation, different data values

Case 2 errors are possible but rare in most data collection software, because most software do not allow more than one complete observation with the same ID. However, Case 2 errors may still occur if someone modifies an observation after the first submission, and then re-submits it. If you think it is necessary to modify data that has already been submitted, it is better to make these modifications in a do-file as part of data cleaning. This will also allow the research team to document the manual changes that are made, for example, during revisions in survey software.

For a Case 2 error, the output of iecompdup will display observations with the different submission metadata, as well as a few different observation values (like age or name). In such cases, you will need to follow up with the enumerators and supervisors who submitted the data. Also, there is no clear rule on which observation to keep, and the research team will have to decide this on a case-to-case basis.

Case 3: Incorrectly assigned ID

Case 3 errors can occur because of typographical errors, or if the field team did not follow proper protocols during data collection.

For a Case 3 error, the output of iecompdup will display observations with different submission metadata, as well as many different survey responses. In this case too, you will need to follow up with enumerators and supervisors who were responsible for this submission. You will need to assign a new ID to one of the observations based on what you learn after following up with the field team.

Related Pages

Click here for pages that link to this topic.
This page is part of the topic iefieldkit. Also see ieduplicates.

Additional Resources