# Quasi-Experimental Methods

Quasi-experimental methods are research designs that that aim to identify the impact of a particular intervention, program or event (a "treatment") by comparing treated units (households, groups, villages, schools, firms, etc.) to control units. While quasi-experimental methods use a control group, they differ from experimental methods in that they do not use randomization to select the control group. Quasi-experimental methods are useful for estimating the impact of a program or event for which it is not ethically or logistically feasible to randomize. This page outlines common types of quasi-experimental methods.

In general, quasi-experimental methods require larger samples than experimental methods. Further, for quasi-experimental methods to provide valid and unbiased estimates of program impacts, researchers must make more assumptions about the control group than in experimental methods. For example, difference-in-differences relies on the equal trends assumption (see Difference-in-Differences for more details), while matching assumes identical unobserved characteristics between the treatment and control groups. ${\displaystyle ax^{2}+bx+c=0}$